Wednesday, February 25, 2009

实验室常用英语-化学生物类

1. 2. 来美国学习遇到了一个很郁闷的事:走进实验室跟别人交流非常困难,自己做实验也是磕磕碰碰。一个很大的原因就是一些实验仪器或是药品的名称不知道怎么说,以前学英文从来没有学这些内容。郁闷之余,我在网上搜集了一些相关仪器和药品的中英对照,与大家一起学习分享,希望对学化学生物类的朋友有些帮助。由于药品种类繁多,各人使用相关也很大,以下仅列仪器部分。

容器类:
量杯 measuring cup
烧杯 beaker 不锈钢杯stainless-steel beaker
量筒 measuring flask/measuring cylinder 量筒 graduated flask/measuring cylinder
坩埚 crucible 坩埚钳 crucible clamp 坩埚 crucible pot, melting pot
试管 test tube 试管架 test tube holder
漏斗 funnel 分液漏斗 separatory funnel
烧瓶 flask 锥形瓶 conical flask
塞子 stopper
洗瓶 plastic wash bottle
滴定管 burette
玻璃活塞 stopcock
冷凝器 condenser
试剂瓶 reagent bottles
玻棒 glass rod 搅拌棒stirring rod
蒸馏烧瓶 distilling flask
碘量瓶 iodine flask
表面皿 watch glass
蒸发皿 evaporating dish
容量瓶 volumetric flask/measuring flask
移液管 (one-mark) pipette
刻度移液管 graduated pipettes
称量瓶weighing bottle
吸液管pipette
滤管filter
天平 balance/scale
分析天平 analytical balance
台秤 platform balance
游码 crossbeams and sliding weights
酒精灯alcohol burner
酒精喷灯blast alcohol burner
搅拌装置 stirring device
洗耳球 rubber suction bulb
研磨钵 mortar 研磨棒 pestle 玛瑙研钵agate mortar
瓷器 porcelain
白细口瓶flint glass solution bottle with stopper
滴瓶 dropping bottle 小滴管 dropper
蒸馏装置distilling apparatus
蒸发器 evaporator

试验用器材:
升降台lab jack
铁架台iron support
万能夹extension clamp
蝴蝶夹double-buret clamp
双顶丝clamp regular holder
止水夹flatjaw pinchcock
圆形漏斗架cast-iron ring
移液管架pipet rack
试管架tube rack
沸石boiling stone
橡胶管rubber tubing
药匙lab spoon
镊子forceps
坩埚钳crucible tong
剪刀scissor
打孔器stopper borer
石棉网asbestos-free wire gauze
电炉丝wire coil for heater
脱脂棉absorbent cottonph
ph试纸 universal ph indicator paper
滤纸 filter paper
称量纸weighing paper
擦镜纸wiper for lens
秒表stopwatch
量杯glass graduates with scale
白滴定管(酸) flint glass burette with glass stopcock
棕色滴定管(酸) brown glass burette with glass stopcock
白滴定管(碱) flint glass burette for alkali
棕色滴定管(碱) brown glass burette for alkali
比重瓶specific gravity bottle
水银温度计mercury-filled thermometer
ph计ph meter
折光仪refractometer
真空泵vacuum pump
冷、热浴bath
离心机centrifuge
口罩respirator
防毒面具respirator、gasmask
磁力搅拌器magnetic stirrer
电动搅拌器power basic stirrer
烘箱oven
闪点仪flash point tester
马弗炉furnace
电炉 heater
微波炉电热套heating mantle
Bunsen burner 本生灯
product 化学反应产物
apparatus 设备
PH indicator PH值指示剂,氢离子(浓度的)负指数指示剂
matrass 卵形瓶
litmus 石蕊
litmus paper 石蕊试纸
burette 滴定管
retort 曲颈甑
still 蒸馏釜
cupel 烤钵

化学反应:
analysis 分解
fractionation 分馏
endothermic reaction 吸热反应
exothermic reaction 放热反应
precipitation 沉淀
to precipitate 沉淀
to distil, to distill 蒸馏
distillation 蒸馏
to calcine 煅烧
to oxidize 氧化
alkalinization 碱化
to oxygenate, to oxidize 脱氧,氧化
to neutralize 中和
to hydrogenate 氢化
to hydrate 水合,水化
to dehydrate 脱水
fermentation 发酵
solution 溶解
combustion 燃烧
fusion, melting 熔解
alkalinity 碱性
isomerism, isomery 同分异物现象
hydrolysis 水解
electrolysis 电解
electrode 电极
anode 阳极,正极
cathode 阴极,负极
catalyst 催化剂
catalysis 催化作用
oxidization, oxidation 氧化
reducer 还原剂
dissolution 分解
synthesis 合成
reversible 可逆的

仪器中英文对照

Aging Property Tester 老化性能测定仪    
Amino Acid Analyzer 氨基酸组成分析仪   
Analyzer for Clinic Medicine Concentration 临床药物浓度仪    
Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy 原子吸收光谱仪    
Atomic Emission Spectrometer 原子发射光谱仪    
Atomic Fluorescence Spectroscopy 原子荧光光谱仪    
Automatic Titrator 自动滴定仪     
Basic Physics 基本物理量测定    
Biochemical Analyzer 生化分析仪     
Biochemicalanalysis 生物技术分析     
Bio-reactor 生物反应器     
Blood-gas Analyzer 血气分析仪     
Centrifuge 离心机       
ChemiluminescenceApparatus 化学发光仪     
CHN Analysis 环境成分分析仪    
CO2 Incubators CO2培养箱      
Combustion PropertyTester 燃烧性能测定仪    
Conductivity Meter 电导仪       
Constant Temperature Circulator 恒温循环泵     
Direct Current Plasma Emission Spectrometer 直流等离子体发射光谱仪 
DNA Sequencers DNA测序仪      
DNA synthesizer DNA合成仪     
Electrical Property Tester 电性能测定仪     
Electro Microscopy 电子显微镜     
Electrolytic Analyzer 电解质分析仪     
Electron Energy Disperse Spectroscopy 电子能谱仪     
Electron Paramagnetic ResonanceSpectrometer 电子顺磁共振波谱仪   
Electrophoresis 电泳       
Electrophoresis System 电泳仪       
ELIASA 酶标仪      
Energy Disperse Spectroscopy 能谱仪      
Fermenter 发酵罐       
Flow Analytical and Process AnalyticalChemistry 流动分析与过程分析  
Fraction Collector 部分收集器     
FreezeDrying Equipment 冻干机       
FT-IR Spectrometer 傅里叶变换红外光谱仪  
FT-Raman Spectrometer 傅里叶变换拉曼光谱仪  
Gas Analysis 气体分析      
Gas Chromatograph 气相色谱仪          
GC-MS 气相色谱-质谱联用仪  
Gel PermeationChromatograph 凝胶渗透色谱仪    
HighPressure/Performance Liquid Chromatography 高压/效液相色谱仪   
Hybridization Oven 分子杂交仪     
ICP-MS ICP-质谱联用仪    
Inductive Coupled Plasma Emission Spectrometer 电感偶合等离子体发射光谱仪  
Instrument for Nondestructive Testing 无损检测仪     
Instrument for Polymerase Chain Reaction PCR仪       
Inverted Microscope 倒置显微镜     
Ion Chromatograph 离子色谱仪     
Isotope X-Ray Fluorescence Spectrometer 同位素X荧光光谱仪   
LC-MS 液相色谱-质谱联用仪  
Mass Spectrometer 质谱仪       
Mechanical Property Tester 机械性能测定仪    
Metal/material elemental analysis 金属/材料元素分析仪  
Metallurgical Microscopy 金相显微镜     
Microwave Inductive Plasma Emission Spectrometer 微波等离子体光谱仪   
Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectrometer 核磁共振波谱仪    
Optical Microscopy 光学显微镜     
Optical PropertyTester 光学性能测定仪    
Other/Miscellaneous 其他       
Particle Size Analyzer 粒度分析仪     
PCR Amplifier PCR仪       
Peptide synthesizer 多肽合成仪     
pH Meter pH计       
PhysicalProperty Analysis 物性分析      
Polarograph 极谱仪       
Protein Sequencer 氨基酸测序仪     
Rheometer 流变仪       
Sample Handling 样品处理      
Scanning Probe Microscopy FG|8oU 扫描探针显微镜   
Sensors 传感器       
Sequencers and Synthesizers for DNA and Protein DNA及蛋白质的测序和合成仪
Shaker 摇床       
Size Exclusion Chromatograph 体积排阻色谱     
Surface Science 表面科学      
SurfaceAnalyzer 表面分析仪    
Thermal Analyzer 热分析仪      
Thermal Physical Property Tester 热物理性能测定仪  
Ultrahigh Purity Filter 超滤器       
Ultra-low Temperature Freezer 超低温冰箱     
Ultrasonic Cell Disruptor 超声破碎仪     
Ultraviolet Detector 紫外检测仪     
UltravioletLamp 紫外观察灯     
Urine Analyzer 尿液分析仪     
UV-Visible Spectrophotometer 紫外-可见光分光光度计  
Viscometer 粘度计       
Voltammerter 伏安仪       
Water Test Kits 水质分析仪     
X-Ray Fluorescence Spectrometer X射线荧光光谱仪    
X-RayDiffractomer X射线衍射仪




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